Information, Designing With, and Proper Care with Pearls.

Pearls are one of the earliest gemstones found by prehistoric man, most likely along the coastline of India. They've been used for personal adornment and coveted by peoples throughout the globe for thousands of years. Ancient myths tell of pearls being formed when oysters opened their shells, rose to the water's surface and were seeded by the early morning rays of sunlight and drops of dew.

Designing with PearlsFrom classic knotted strands to long, colorful layers of statement jewelry, cultured freshwater pearl designs run the gamut. Contrast multiple strands of pink pearls with black onyx or, for a more subtle emphasis, mix natural, warm-toned pearls with carnelian. White and cream-colored pearls are radiant against the soft pastels of amethyst, aquamarine and peach moonstone. Pearls pop next to gold and blend with silver. For those special pieces, mix pearls with diamond.

Protect your cultured freshwater pearls and other gemstones by knotting between beads with a bead-knotting tool. Knotting also adds length and drape, so you can use fewer beads and have greater movement between each.

Proper CarePearls are soft and should be treated delicately. Never use ultrasonic cleaners or steamers. Wipe gently with a soft cloth after each wearing or, for more thorough cleanings, use mild soap and water. If knotted, make sure cord is completely dry before wearing.

Metaphysical/Healing PropertiesSome healers use pearls to help balance body rhythms and hormone levels with lunar cycles, and to harmonize human beings with the natural world. The inner glow (orient) of pearls is thought to tap inner-wisdom and nurture love. Pearls are also believed to signify innocence and faith.

Geological Properties Most pearls today are cultured. Marine and freshwater mollusks (oysters and mussels) are collected and a small shell bead placed inside. The mollusks are then returned to the water where they make the pearl. Layers of calcium carbonate are secreted, coating the piece of shell, to form a spherical, oblong, or irregular-shaped pearl. It takes roughly 3 to 7 years for mollusks to produce a single pearl. The color of the pearl varies depending on the type of mollusk. (The oysters and mussels that make the pearls are not related to the edible varieties of oysters and mussels.)

Most natural and cultured freshwater pearls are found in the waters of Japan, China and the South Seas, however many are harvested along the coasts of Australia and the rivers of Austria, France, Scotland and Ireland. Cultured freshwater pearls are also grown along the Mississippi River in the United States.

Mineral Properties of Pearls

  • - Mineral Information

    Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3), organic substances, water

  • - Appearance

    White, pink, silver, cream, gold, green, blue, black; translucent to opaque

  • - Hardness

    2-1/2 - 4 (Mohs)

  • - Specific Gravity

    2.61 - 2.85 (saltwater)

  • - Refractive Index

    1.52 - 1.66

  • - Cause of Color

    Varies depending on type of mollusk

**Please note that all Metaphysical/Healing Properties listed are collected from various sources. This information is offered as a service and not meant to treat varied conditions within one's life. Atlantic Gems does not guarantee any of the statements made or the validity of these statements.

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